07 January 2008

A Marathi glossary

A 'mini' glossary for enlightened historians:

Abhanga - Marathi four- or -six-line verse.
Amritanubhava - a text by Gyaneshwara (Jnaneshwara).
Bhaktavijaya and Bhaktilamrita - two important compilations by the 18th century pandit, Mahipati, of information on the Maratha saints.
Bhavarthadipika - also known as the Gyaneshwari (Jnaneshwari), a commentary on the Bhagavad Gita written by Gyaneshwara (Jnaneshwara).
Bharud - dramatic poem in Marathi, much used by saint Eknath.
Charita - a biography of a notable person, thus Eknath Charita.
Dasbodha - the major text by Guru Ramdas.
Devanagari – the standard script for Marathi and several north Indian languages including Hindi.
Gatha - a collection of works by an author, thus Tukaram Gatha.
Johar - a particular form of the bharud used by Eknath.
Kirtan(a) - a sung performance of abhangas, bhajans, bharuds, in the Maratha tradition.
Maharashtradharma - term used by Guru Ramdas to install a sense of integrity and greatness in the Maratha people.
Mahars - the untouchables of Maharashtra. Chokha is their best known saint.
Manache Shloka (Manobodha) - text by Guru Ramdas.
Modi - script used by the commercial classes to write in Marathi in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Pandharpur - town in Maharashtra sacred to the bhakti sants who went (and still go) on pilgrimage to its temple dedicated to Lord Vittala.
Pasayadan - epilogue to the Gyaneshwari.
Povada - a narrative song usually chronicling heroic achievements.
Pratishthana (Paithan) – the capital of the Satavahana (Shalivahana) empire.
Purana - a sacred text
Shalivahana (a.k.a. Satavahana) - royal dynasty in Central India. Paithan (Prathistan) was their capital.
Shloka - verse, similar to a stanza
Skanda - section (chapter) of a purana
Stotra - a prayer
Stotramala - a collection of stotras
Varkari - a devotee of Vittala (the Lord) who goes on annual pilgrimage to Pandharpur.

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