A lost gospel from the late first century CE known only from fragments that have survived in later writings, including those of Origen (185-254), Jerome (347-420), and Cyril of Jerusalem (313-386).
The title may suggest usage by a group of Egyptian Jewish-Christians who wished to differentiate themselves from a nearby group of Egyptian Gentile (ie. non-Jewish) Christians and their Gospel of the Egyptians.
This text is influenced by the mythological and Gnostic-type ideas prevalent in Egypt in the first and second centuries CE.
Originally written in Hebrew (possibly Aramaic), it was later translated into Greek and Latin by Jerome.